Tuesday, December 28, 2004

Prayer for a Just and Lasting Peace

God of the struggling people
Hallowed be your name
Let the promise of abundant life be realized
And our longing for justice and peace be fulfilled.

Forgive our comfortable life
If we become unresponsive to the cries of the people
Forgive our daily prayers
If we close our eyes and hearts to the needs of the many
Forgive our act of charity
If it has thwarted us to work for justice
Forgive our silence and solitude
If we departed from serving the oppressed wholeheartedly.

Look upon our nation
Corruption and violence govern us
The rich few exploit the many poor
The workers are deprived of just wages
Peasants and indigenous peoples are driven away from the land
Heavy taxes and unabated price increases burden the vast majority
Health, education and social services are not accessible
Those who shout for justice and human rights are silenced
Those who work for genuine peace are killed.

We lament that our government did not heed our call, and
Hardheadedly supported the U.S. illegal,
immoral and unjust war in Iraq
Now the Overseas Filipino Workers face
even more vulnerability and uncertainty.
Grant your people the courage and will to
push forward the agenda of peace.

Continue to challenge our faith and love; nurture the hope within us
Strengthen our passion to serve and journey with the people
Accompany us on our way
Give us the strength of an eagle, the humility of a dove,
the wisdom of a serpent
As we join the people in the quest for a
lasting Peace based on Justice.
AMEN.



Friday, December 17, 2004

A CHANGE OF HAT: Famous Atheist Now Believes in God

Famous Atheist Now Believes in God

One of World's Leading Atheists Now Believes in God, More or Less, Based on Scientific Evidence

NEW YORK Dec 9, 2004 — A British philosophy professor who has been a leading champion of atheism for more than a half-century has changed his mind. He now believes in God more or less based on scientific evidence, and says so on a video released Thursday.

At age 81, after decades of insisting belief is a mistake, Antony Flew has concluded that some sort of intelligence or first cause must have created the universe. A super-intelligence is the only good explanation for the origin of life and the complexity of nature, Flew said in a telephone interview from England...

read more

Maybe, as one gets older he is becoming more prone to wearing an "old man's hat" for good and becomes tired in a battle of "proving and disproving" on something that I think not so relevant in man's quest to know the UNIVERSE. To know the UNIVERSE, there is ultimately PHYSICS... biological organisms no matter how complex maybe in their motion and structure are ultimately composed of fundamental physical entities those I think governed fundamentally by the laws of QUANTUM MECHANICS that requires no intelligent GOD.

Finally, if God really did provide an explanation for the parameters we observe, we should be able to use this explanation ("God arranges the universe in the simplest possible form consistent with our existence") as a good old-fashioned scientific theory, and start making predictions. What would God have chosen as the mass of the Higgs boson, for example? Would God make use of low-energy supersymmetry breaking? Why are there three generations of fermions? Why is the proton lifetime so long, and why are flavor-changing neutral currents so small? If you're going to claim explanatory power, you'd better be able to explain things.

In reality, the temptation to believe in God arises from a combination of wishful thinking and a loss of nerve -- the fear that there are some features of reality that will never admit of a conventional scientific explanation, despite the historical reality that such fears have always proven groundless. Just as Darwin killed off the biological argument from design, physicists will eventually kill off the cosmological one. The universe we actually observe is elegant, preposterous, extravagant, and generally quite thrilling; no need to sully it with superfluous pieces of pseudo-explanatory baggage.



Wednesday, December 15, 2004

Just An Addition To "ON CHRISTIANITY"

ON CHRISTIANITY

On Historical context, Christianity was founded in times of colonial rule of Rome on the Jewish land.Class analysis would show that the Jewish people were divided into local ruling classes and the Jewish masses. The traditional teachers of the Jewish religion at that time mostly served the interests of Rome and the local ruling elite so the Jewish people had hoped for a messiah, actually what was expected was a fighting leader not a preacher but it turned out- a preaching one who challenged the traditional ideas and interpretation of the old Jewish religion. It was some kind of an intellectual movement at that time but instead of preaching revolt and uprising, the movement of Jesus Christ ultimately ended up into a new religion of the Jewish masses who were marginalized by the old traditional Jewish church of the local ruling Jewish elite...

Monday, December 13, 2004

on christianity

there's nothing wrong with the basic teachings of christianity. TRUE christians are pro people. the end of christian teachings is to serve and even die liberating the masses just like what Jesus did in His time. coz we can never show our faith to the fullest if we will not do so.

"You can never serve My name if you will not serve My people."
(written in the New Testament)


Friday, December 10, 2004

Ana's Story

ANG SUGILANON NI ANA

Gwapa. Puti-on. Igo-igo ang katas-on. Slim. Mao kana ang kasagarang hulagway kang Ana kaniadtong estudyante pa siya sa MPSC. Buutan nga estudyante ug dili andam musupak-supak sa mga balaodnon nga gipatuman sa eskwelahan. Brayt ug, susama sa uban pud nga estudyante, abli ang huna-huna ni Ana sa tanang mga pangutana nga iyang matagbuan ug mahunahunaan.

Kini ang iyang sugilanon ug ang mga sugilanon dili interesante kung walay problema nga angay solbaron. Ang problema ni Ana nagsugod sa dihang gihuslan ang iyang notebook sa Math 10 sa iyang boardmate nga si Beth.

Membro si Beth sa Student Christian Movement of the Philippines o SCMP. Niuban siya sa picket rally didto sa Divisoria aron pagsuporta sa ilang panawagan nga i-us-us ang balayronon sa eskwelahan dili lamang sa Cagayan de Oro City kundili sa tibuuk nasod.

DILI MAKATARUNGANON ANG PADAYUN NGA PAG-UBOS SA BUDGET NGA GIBUBU SA ATONG GOBYERNO DIHA SA EDUKASYON!” Mao kana ang batbat sa usa ka mamumulong nga usa ka maayung estudyante sa Xavier University. Mao kana ang nadunggan ni Ana sa dihang niabot siya sa Divisoria. Iyang giapas si Beth kay aron kuhaon ang iyang notebook kay kinahanglanun niya kini nga kamulo pud ginabasa ni Beth.

Beth! Beth!” Gitawag ni Ana si Beth nga anaa sa tunga-tunga sa tapok sa mga estudyante gikan sa nagkalainlaing eskwelahan sa Cagayan de Oro apil ang XU, MPSC, Liceo, CU, ug COC. Alas-dose y media na sa udto ug grabe kainit ang panahon ubanan pa sa kainit sa mga mulo ug demanda sa mga estudyante ug uban pang kabatan-unan nga gatapoktapok aron sa pagpadayag ug pagrehistro sa ilang tingog dungan sa National Day of Youth and Student Protest.

Ana! Maayu kay nitambong ka. Wala na diay mo klase?” ingun ni Beth diha kang Ana.

Unya pang alas-tres. Klasmeyt baya ta. Hoy, Beth, ako na pud gamit ana akong notebook be. Mag-review pa ra ba ko para sa atong exam unya.” Idungag pa unta ni Ana nga wala siya nalipay sa paghulam ni Beth sa iya notebook ug sa pagpalisudlisud niini kaniya kay diri pa gayud sa tunga-tunga sa rally niya gipakuha. Hunahuna ni Ana “Sus, wala gyud ni maayung makab-ot inyo pagsyagit-syagit diri kay dili lang gihapon mu paminawon ni Gloria.

DAKO KAAYUNG HAGIT SA ATONG MGA KABATAN-UNAN ILABINA KADTONG NAA PAY HIGAYON SA PAG-ESKWELA NGA IPADAYUN ANG ATONG PAGTUUN DILI LAMANG DIHA SULOD SA ATONG TULUNGHAAN,” dungag nga batbat sa estudyanteng mamumulong. “ANG ATONG KATILINGBAN USA KA DAKONG TULUNGHAAN UG ANG KATAWHAN NGA NAG-ILAID SA KALISOD UG PAGPAHIMULOS MAO ANG ATONG GIYA DIHA SA ATONG PAGTUUN.

Mao ba? Abi nako ug nakatuun na ka kagabii. Sige, naa ra o. Nabasa na man pud hinoon nako na sugod ganinang buntag. Makapasar ra man tingali ko,” tubag ni Beth apil ang pagkatawa ug dako. Ningisi si Ana uban sa pagkatawa ni Beth. Bisan naa siya gamay nga kalagot kang Beth, gihunahuna lang gihapon niya nga makapasar unta si Beth.

Problema gyud kang Ana ang pagkaaktibista ni Beth. Suod niya nga higala si Beth ug dili niya gusto nga madaut ang kaugmaon niini.

Para kang Beth, usa ka buutan ug masaligan nga higala si Ana. Dako kaayu iyang pag-admire diha kang Ana dili lang tungod sa padayun niini nga pag-top sa klase kundili tungod sa padayun niini nga pag-ila kaniya isip higala pud. Bisag wala gipakita ni Ana ang iyang negative nga impression sa mga kalihukan nga gisalmotan ni Beth, maklaro kini ni Beth.

Walay problema sa tawo nga walay kasolbaran. Ug sa sugilanon ni Ana, ang kasolbaran diha ra gihapon nag-gikan kaniya. Nagsugod kini dihang nailhan ni Ana si Christian.

Si Christian ang Education Officer sa SCMP-MPSC Chapter. Nag-ila sila sa usa ka educational discussion kabahin sa National Situation. Nitambong si Ana kay interesado siya nga madunggan kung unsa ang pagtan-aw sa maong organisasyon sa kasamtangang kahimtang sa atong nasod.

Ang kahimtang sa atong nasod usa lamang ka kasamtangang hulagway sa nagpadayun nga proseso sa pag-apod-apod sa bahandi sa atong nasod,” ang unang istorya ni Christian. “Adunahan kaayu ang atong nasod sa minerales, tambok nga yuta, ug halapad nga dagat. Pero bisan sa kaadunahan nato sa natural resources, dako kaayu nga pangutana kung ngano grabe nga kalisod ang nahiaguman sa katawhang Pilipino… ” Nagpadayun ang paghatag ni Christian ug input sa maong educational discussion.

Dili lamang mga tubag ug mga pagtulun-an ang nakutlo ni Ana sa nahitabong discussion. Daghang mga importanteng pangutana ang iyang nadunggan nga wala pa niya napangutana kaniadto sa iyang kaugalingon. Hinay-hinay niya nga nasabtan ang mga nahitabo sa iyang palibot. Dako kaayu ang pagpasalamat ni Ana kang Beth sa pag-awhag niini sa pagtambong sa maong discussion…

Pipila na ka bulan ang nilabay human ang maong ang sugilanon. Ubay-ubay na pud nga mga classmates ug kaila niya ang iya natagaan ug orientation sa ilang organisasyon. Si Ana na ang ilang bag-ong education officer. Si Christian ang bag-ong chairperson. Si Beth ang secretary-general.

Nagpadayun pa ang bag-ong sugilanon ni Ana, Christian, Beth ug uban pang kristyanong estudyante nga nakasabot sa tinood nga tahas sa pagkakristyano nga mao ang pagsunod sa mga lakang ni Hesus diha sa pagserbisyo sa katawhang kabus ug gidaugdaug. (END)

Thursday, December 09, 2004

Better Late Than Never Greetings!!!

So much envy I have for this youths whose sharp awareness well compensated for with their unfading youthful dynamism TO SERVE THE PEOPLE.

I may not have the courage but my admiration goes to them... BELATED MILITANT ANNIVERSARY TO YOU VANGUARD OF THE FILIPINO YOUTH




Kabataang Makabayan, as the vanguard organization of the Filipino youth, should assist in the
achievement of an invincible unity of all national classes and forces to push further the struggle
for national and social liberation in all fields-economic, political, cultural, military-against the
leading enemy, U.S. imperialism, and against the persistent and pervasive main enemy, landlordism.
Both have frustrated the national democratic aspirations of the Philippine revolution of 1896 and
have made the suffering and exploitation of our people more complex and more severe.(Quoted
from the KM founding speech, SND 3rd ed.)











Tuesday, December 07, 2004

The Growth of Inflation

Twenty-five years after Alan Guth turned cosmology on its head, what's the latest story of the universe's first moments?

by Davide Castelvecchi



It was a true Eureka moment if there ever was one. On the night of December 6, 1979, an obscure Stanford Linear Accelerator Center postdoc was up late, sweating over an even more obscure problem about particles called magnetic monopoles. Looking at his calculations the next day, the usually low-key Alan Guth annotated the words "SPECTACULAR REALIZATION" at the top of the page. Guth had discovered cosmic inflation, an idea which some have later called the most important in cosmology since the big bang.



"I never thought that anybody would ever actually measure these things. I thought we were just calculating for the fun of it." - Alan Guth

read more...

Monday, December 06, 2004

Klein-Gordon Field and Gravity

What do condoms in this modern times have in common with the fundamental particles called QUARKS of QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS?Color and flavor. In one of the posts(title: Sex is Fun...) of PREPOSTEROUS it was commented: Condoms as quarks?? Imagine superpartners, scondoms. There'd be a stop condom! That should work...
(anomymous | Thu, December 02, 2004 @ 10:45 am | #).Hmmm...condoms too could either be up or down like quarks?

Anyway, while finding ways to solve a set of nonlinear differential equations, I'm starting to ask myself if it is worth (valid consideration) finding spherically symmetric solutions of Einsteins Field Equations (General Relativity) with a static Klein-Gordon Field acting as the source in curved spherically symmetric space? This is the new research problem we are currently working on and hope to complete before the deadline of submission to a journal of a prestigious physics institute here in the country, Philippines. We just hope that what we are working on is valid that the work may have a chance to be accepted for publication.

By the way, the we that I'm refering here is us you'll see in this picture.

ALL OUT WAR AGAINTS ILLEGAL LOGGERS

Note: Published on page A1 of the Dec. 6, 2004 issue of the Philippine Daily Inquirer

SENSING "all talk but no action" from President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, environmentalists in Aurora and Quezon challenged her to immediately cancel the permits of at least nine big logging companies in the two provinces where hundreds of people died from massive floods and landslides blamed on the rampant cutting of trees.

The Multi-Sectoral Action Group (MSAG) identified the companies as Pacific Timber Export Corp., Verdant Agro-Forest Development Corp., Inter-Pacific Forest Resources Corp., Industries Development Corp., RCC Timber Co., San Roque Sawmill Corp., Benson Realty Development Corp., Toplite Lumber Corp. and Green Circle Properties and Resources Inc.

The firms either have timber license agreements, integrated forest management agreements (IFMAs) or special private land timber licenses with the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the MSAG said in a statement e-mailed to the Inquirer from Baler town, Aurora.

The operations of Green Circle, whose license covers 30,000 hectares, extend up to General Nakar town in Quezon, southeast of Aurora, MSAG secretary Joey Estriber said.

The MSAG issued the challenge after Ms Arroyo talked tough against logging. She ordered on Saturday the suspension of all logging activity in the country amid the disaster that struck the Sierra Madre mountain range, where Aurora and parts of Quezon lie.

"The logging activities of these legitimate companies are the main reason the mountains are bald," Estriber said in Filipino.

"Government was deaf to our appeals for a large-scale corporate log ban since 1991," he said...


A staunch supporter of Ms Arroyo himself appeared unimpressed by her declaration of an all-out war against illegal loggers...



Meanwhile, GMA blamed it to the communists:



The President earlier blamed the NPA for the flooding and landslides, saying that military reports showed that the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines had asked for protection money from loggers.



As I have known, the Communist Party of The Philippines had implemented long way before its own version of environmental measures in areas under its belligerent control that restricted and regulated the entry of logging companies, implementing its own campaign againts deforestration. As far I have known also, in the deep forests here in Mindanao, sections of government military special forces were part of securing and escorting force of big logging concessionaires licensed by the government for logging operations. As assessed by the CPP that deforestration reached to an indescriminate magnitude and inflected damage to Filipino "Lumad"s' ancestral lands, it then implemented its program of selective and regulated logging. But GMA administration is hell-bent blaming the "left", which I find so laughable.




Thursday, November 18, 2004

USELESS DISGUSTING MESS - THE WAR ON IRAQ IS

Ofcourse there is quite no mess on this beautiful picture as if you could think that the world is without messes but the war on Iraq is one huge mess(there was another life wasted the one you would see by clicking the pic here) among the countless messes in the world:

And, again just to be clear: no, incidents like this do not justify the war in Iraq. Precisely the opposite; the war has stimulated incidents like this, not prevented them. The obvious culpability of Hassan's killers doesn't excuse the obvious stupidity of the war she found herself in the middle of. Instead of fighting terrorism and fundamentalism, we fought a misguided campaign against an ugly but contained secular state, and thereby gave the terrorists a new theater in which to operate and endless new material for their recruiting brochures. Young angry Arabs aren't seeing the video of Margaret Hassan's execution, they're seeing a scared Marine killing a defenseless Iraqi cowering in a corner. (The Marine's actions were in flagrant violations of the laws of war, but to be honest I can't judge him; who knows how I would act if I were being ambushed and shot at in a hostile country.) We're going to be dealing with the horrific fallout of this monumental screw-up for generations to come. What a stupid useless disgusting mess - Sean Carroll

ANOTHER LIKE MENDIOLA: FARMWORKERS' BLOOD THE PRICE AND THE PRIZE REAPED IN SEEKING SOCIAL JUSTICE UNDER THE PRESENT SYSTEM OF PHILIPPINE SOCIETY

ANOTHER LIKE MENDIOLA: FARMWORKERS' BLOOD THE PRICE AND THE PRIZE REAPED IN SEEKING SOCIAL JUSTICE UNDER THE PRESENT SYSTEM OF PHILIPPINE SOCIETY...

The 1986 anti-fascist uprising againts the Marcos 20-year fascist rule placed Ms. Corazon Cojuanco Aquino to power, she made then promises for economic and social reforms that included LAND REFORM during her first national address. . . but months after then in 1987, the true landlord-class nature of her rule unveiled when she declared the Total War againts the revolutionary forces instead of forging with them agreements that would install a long and lasting peace based on social justice. At all fronts she attacked the progressive forces and this was horrifically displayed during the massacre of the marching peasants in 1987 (in MENDIOLA) demanding for a more meaningful legislation of a genuine land reform. That demostrated the incapability of the one in power, coming from the very class that oppress and exploit the vast majority of the filipino people-the peasant. Truly is she represented a state that served the interest of her class origin with all the coercive and repressive instruments like the AFP, the Police, Justice system and the prison at her disposal, while posing as a charismatic leader who had a motherly (widowed) love to serve her countrymen.

Now....we are again witnessing the same stark reality after 1987:


Hacienda Luisita death toll now 14
Tear gas suffocates 2 kids during dispersal


Updated 02:19am (Mla time) Nov 18, 2004
By Russell Arador, Ronald Dizon, Jo Clemente
Inquirer News Service



Editor's Note: Published on page A1 of the Nov. 18, 2004 issue of the Philippine Daily Inquirer

HACIENDA LUISITA, Tarlac, Philippines -- Seven more people, including two children, were reported killed in Tuesday's dispersal of striking workers of Central Azucarera de Tarlac, raising the death toll to 14.

The children -- aged 2 and 5 -- died of suffocation when tear gas used by the police and military during the dispersal drifted to their quarters, according to the workers. Two other bodies were found in nearby sugarcane fields a day after the clash.

Charges of assault, illegal assembly, inciting to sedition and malicious mischief were being readied against more than 100 strikers, the Inquirer learned.

Hundreds of policemen and soldiers, backed by an armored personnel carrier and several fire trucks, stormed the barricades of the strikers at the main gate of the plantation at 3:20 p.m. Tuesday.

The APC was used to ram the gate from inside the sugar mill. Police and military took control of the main gate after initially using teargas and water cannons on the protesters. The men in uniform later fired
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live rounds on the strikers.

The military operation against the protesters is not yet over.

Flor Collantes, secretary general of the militant group Bayan Muna in Tarlac, said soldiers were allegedly "zoning" Barangay Motrico, dragging men out of their homes and lining them up to be arrested.

He said public elementary school teachers were sending their pupils home because of the continued military operations in the barangay (village).

The violence at the plantation owned by the family of former President Corazon Aquino was a reminder of deep social inequality in the country.

A small number of families still control huge tracts of land despite reforms to extend ownership to tenant farmers.

Ms Aquino yesterday issued a statement condoling with the families of the victims.

For her part, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo said she was "deeply saddened over the violent clashes and I am appealing for prudence and sobriety on both sides."

"We hope that the management and the workers can find a middle ground in settling the labor dispute in a peaceful and rationale manner," the President said in a statement.

Financial assistance

Ms Arroyo said she had instructed the concerned agencies to seek out the victims on either side and extend assistance for burial or hospital treatment. A number of policemen and soldiers were also injured during the clash but none suffered gunshot wounds.

House Deputy Speaker Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III (LP, Tarlac), son of Ms Aquino, is also extending financial assistance to families of the workers who were either killed or wounded.

"I intend to assist them in my personal capacity," he told reporters, adding that he was set to go home to Tarlac province last night to personally visit the victims.

The congressman expressed hope that his presence in the estate would not raise tensions anew.

"I will try as much as possible to pick up the pieces," he said of the family-owned estate that has been torn apart by a labor dispute.

"All of them are my constituents," he said of the workers on strike.

Autopsy refused

Police said workers had refused an autopsy on the bodies of their comrades killed during the dispersal.

Before he was sacked as Central Luzon director, Chief Superintendent Quirino dela Torre said he had sent doctors and a team from the police scene of the crime operations to examine the fatalities.

"They didn't allow us to do it," De la Torre told the Inquirer. He said he instead asked the mayor to send local doctors to conduct the routine examination.

Violy Basilio, who witnessed the autopsy of her 20-year-old son Jhaivie Basilio, said her son had three bullet wounds: One in the heart, another in his lungs and a third in his leg.

Basilio's remains were taken to the Tarlac City Plazuela before these were brought home to Barangay Mapalacsiao in Luisita.

About nine more victims suffering from bullet wounds are now in various hospitals in Tarlac City. Leaders of the strike said on Tuesday that 200 protesters were hurt.

Workers regroup

The workers and their supporters returned yesterday afternoon to the main gate of the sprawling estate.

The protesters belonging to the United Luisita Workers' Union (ULWU) and the Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union regrouped and vowed to parade the bodies of the 14 fatalities as a reminder of Tuesday's carnage.

Ricardo Ramos, Central Azucarera de Tarlac Labor Union president, said the workers regrouped to reclaim their picket lines.

"Di dahil namatayan kami, uurong na kami (We are not lifting the picket in spite of the casualties we suffered)," said Ramos, who is also Barangay Mapalacsiao chief.

But he said his group was open to a dialogue and negotiation with the management but this time with the ULWU, the hacienda's agricultural worker's union.

Leftist lawmakers visit

Four militant lawmakers visited the hacienda yesterday to gather testimonies and evidence on the action taken by the authorities against the strikers.

Bayan Muna Representatives Satur Ocampo and Joel Virador and Anakpawis Representative Rafael Mariano and Gabriela Representative Liza Maza and a dozen supporters were initially stopped by the plantation's security guards and policemen at the main gate but were allowed to enter after a 30-minute wait.

"We were here for two reasons -- to show our support to the farmers and to get testimony that we could use in the congressional investigation," Ocampo said.

He said they wanted the House of Representatives to expand the scope of its investigation to include last Tuesday's bloody dispersal.

Workers camped at the Tarlac City Plazuela demanded an investigation of the violence that marred the dispersal.

Caravan of probers

About 2,000 protesters and their families, lined up on both sides of the road leading to Barangay Balete here as the caravan of motorcycles, jeepneys and cars carrying the four lawmakers made their way to the plantation.

Chanting "Cojuangco, berdugo," the workers marched with the four lawmakers to a covered court near the barangay hall. A short program was held, kicking off the party list groups' inquiry into the dispersal.

Ocampo said he and the other party list lawmakers would not deny that they "sympathized with the protesting workers and farm workers."

"Besides, we are duty bound to immediately and directly respond to their needs because we are their representatives," Ocampo said.

Short of blaming Labor Secretary Patricia Sto. Tomas for the incident, Tarlac Governor Jose Yap said that the military could not have gone to Luisita if they were not deputized to do so.

In the House, Tarlac Representative Jesli Lapuz also extended his sympathies to the families of the victims, three of whom are from Concepcion and La Paz towns, Lapus' congressional district.

Lapus, who described the incident as a "major disaster of sorts," said an inquiry should be conducted to find out the truth about the incident.

Firearms at site

Akbayan party-list Representatives Loretta Ann Rosales and Risa Hontiveros also pushed for a congressional investigation.

Police said they had recovered at least three firearms from the site where the strikers massed up on Tuesday.

Senior Superintendent Amado Paneda, chief of the Task Force Luisita of the Central Luzon police, presented to reporters on Tuesday night an M-16 rifle, a Carbine and a .38-cal. pistol, which he said his men recovered during a cleanup operation after the workers were dispersed.

Paneda said the guns were recovered from the parking lot and grassy portions of the area the strikers had occupied.

In Angeles City, Roman Polintan of the Bagong Alyansang Makabayan called the dispersal an "overkill." Roman blamed the soldiers and the police for the "unprovoked carnage."

Resume negotiations

The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) justified its assumption of jurisdiction over the dispute between laborers and the management of the sugar mill and called for both parties to resume negotiations.

Assistant Labor Secretary Benedicto Ernesto Bitonio Jr. shrugged off calls by militant groups for the resignation of Sto. Tomas.

"From Day 1, DOLE has been on top of the situation. But the return-to-work order has to be enforced and the order is supposed to be immediately executory," Bitonio told reporters.

"As far as DOLE is concerned, all actions undertaken (regarding the assumption order) were according to law and the primary objective is to bring back the parties to the negotiating table," he said.


With reports from Tonette Orejas, Jun Malig, Desiree Caluza, Carlito Pablo, Christian V. Esguerra, Juliet Labog-Javellana, Jerome Aning and Inquirer wires





Related Stories:
Central Luzon, Tarlac police chiefs relieved (Nov 18, 2004)
Peace council offers to mediate in Hacienda Luisita row (Nov 18, 2004)
The Cojuangcos of Hacienda Luisita (Nov 18, 2004)


There could really be no peace when the peacefull means employed by the subjugated class are frustrated by the ruling class themselves. This poses a question on what really peace means... Is it the absence of expressing out a class interest in a venue you (the landlords and the state) tell the people where we should "talk on the table" para magkaunawan?

If we see this fact as I see and think of it... then maybe it is only logical that since the ruling class disposes of his coercive instruments againts the ruled class then the ruled class have no other real recourse but to take-up arms bring their struggle to heights for social change only they themselves could as the ruling class would never really give in to the interests of the ruled class "on the table". Afterall: "ALL HITHERTHO EXISTING HISTORIES OF CLASS SOCIETIES WERE HISTORIES OF CLASS STRUGGLES"...



Wednesday, November 10, 2004

:) Me Explaining... Uh...oh... :)

The Conference went fine. Yeah that's me explaining for my turn, the one on the seat is my coauthor, waiting for her turn nervously despite there were no adults around except sir Ruelson, who was moderating. You might get thinking we were the only ones in the room, actually there were several kids at the back.

Wednesday, October 27, 2004

How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power

Ben Aris in Berlin and Duncan Campbell in Washington
September 25, 2004
The Guardian

George Bush's grandfather, the late US senator Prescott Bush, was a director and shareholder of companies that profited from their involvement with the financial backers of Nazi Germany.

The Guardian has obtained confirmation from newly discovered files in the US National Archives that a firm of which Prescott Bush was a director was involved with the financial architects of Nazism.

His business dealings, which continued until his company's assets were seized in 1942 under the Trading with the Enemy Act, has led more than 60 years later to a civil action for damages being brought in Germany against the Bush family by two former slave labourers at Auschwitz and to a hum of pre-election controversy.

The evidence has also prompted one former US Nazi war crimes prosecutor to argue that the late senator's action should have been grounds for prosecution for giving aid and comfort to the enemy.

The debate over Prescott Bush's behaviour has been bubbling under the surface for some time. There has been a steady internet chatter about the "Bush/Nazi" connection, much of it inaccurate and unfair. But the new documents, many of which were only declassified last year, show that even after America had entered the war and when there was already significant information about the Nazis' plans and policies, he worked for and profited from companies closely involved with the very German businesses that financed Hitler's rise to power. It has also been suggested that the money he made from these dealings helped to establish the Bush family fortune and set up its political dynasty.

Remarkably, little of Bush's dealings with Germany has received public scrutiny, partly because of the secret status of the documentation involving him. But now the multibillion dollar legal action for damages by two Holocaust survivors against the Bush family, and the imminent publication of three books on the subject are threatening to make Prescott Bush's business history an uncomfortable issue for his grandson, George W, as he seeks re-election.

While there is no suggestion that Prescott Bush was sympathetic to the Nazi cause, the documents reveal that the firm he worked for, Brown Brothers Harriman (BBH), acted as a US base for the German industrialist, Fritz Thyssen, who helped finance Hitler in the 1930s before falling out with him at the end of the decade. The Guardian has seen evidence that shows Bush was the director of the New York-based Union Banking Corporation (UBC) that represented Thyssen's US interests and he continued to work for the bank after America entered the war.

Tantalising

Bush was also on the board of at least one of the companies that formed part of a multinational network of front companies to allow Thyssen to move assets around the world.

Thyssen owned the largest steel and coal company in Germany and grew rich from Hitler's efforts to re-arm between the two world wars. One of the pillars in Thyssen's international corporate web, UBC, worked exclusively for, and was owned by, a Thyssen-controlled bank in the Netherlands. More tantalising are Bush's links to the Consolidated Silesian Steel Company (CSSC), based in mineral rich Silesia on the German-Polish border. During the war, the company made use of Nazi slave labour from the concentration camps, including Auschwitz. The ownership of CSSC changed hands several times in the 1930s, but documents from the US National Archive declassified last year link Bush to CSSC, although it is not clear if he and UBC were still involved in the company when Thyssen's American assets were seized in 1942.

Three sets of archives spell out Prescott Bush's involvement. All three are readily available, thanks to the efficient US archive system and a helpful and dedicated staff at both the Library of Congress in Washington and the National Archives at the University of Maryland.

The first set of files, the Harriman papers in the Library of Congress, show that Prescott Bush was a director and shareholder of a number of companies involved with Thyssen.

The second set of papers, which are in the National Archives, are contained in vesting order number 248 which records the seizure of the company assets. What these files show is that on October 20 1942 the alien property custodian seized the assets of the UBC, of which Prescott Bush was a director. Having gone through the books of the bank, further seizures were made against two affiliates, the Holland-American Trading Corporation and the Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation. By November, the Silesian-American Company, another of Prescott Bush's ventures, had also been seized.

The third set of documents, also at the National Archives, are contained in the files on IG Farben, who was prosecuted for war crimes.

A report issued by the Office of Alien Property Custodian in 1942 stated of the companies that "since 1939, these (steel and mining) properties have been in possession of and have been operated by the German government and have undoubtedly been of considerable assistance to that country's war effort".

Prescott Bush, a 6ft 4in charmer with a rich singing voice, was the founder of the Bush political dynasty and was once considered a potential presidential candidate himself. Like his son, George, and grandson, George W, he went to Yale where he was, again like his descendants, a member of the secretive and influential Skull and Bones student society. He was an artillery captain in the first world war and married Dorothy Walker, the daughter of George Herbert Walker, in 1921.

In 1924, his father-in-law, a well-known St Louis investment banker, helped set him up in business in New York with Averill Harriman, the wealthy son of railroad magnate E H Harriman in New York, who had gone into banking.

One of the first jobs Walker gave Bush was to manage UBC. Bush was a founding member of the bank and the incorporation documents, which list him as one of seven directors, show he owned one share in UBC worth $125.

The bank was set up by Harriman and Bush's father-in-law to provide a US bank for the Thyssens, Germany's most powerful industrial family.

August Thyssen, the founder of the dynasty had been a major contributor to Germany's first world war effort and in the 1920s, he and his sons Fritz and Heinrich established a network of overseas banks and companies so their assets and money could be whisked offshore if threatened again.

By the time Fritz Thyssen inherited the business empire in 1926, Germany's economic recovery was faltering. After hearing Adolf Hitler speak, Thyssen became mesmerised by the young firebrand. He joined the Nazi party in December 1931 and admits backing Hitler in his autobiography, I Paid Hitler, when the National Socialists were still a radical fringe party. He stepped in several times to bail out the struggling party: in 1928 Thyssen had bought the Barlow Palace on Briennerstrasse, in Munich, which Hitler converted into the Brown House, the headquarters of the Nazi party. The money came from another Thyssen overseas institution, the Bank voor Handel en Scheepvarrt in Rotterdam.

By the late 1930s, Brown Brothers Harriman, which claimed to be the world's largest private investment bank, and UBC had bought and shipped millions of dollars of gold, fuel, steel, coal and US treasury bonds to Germany, both feeding and financing Hitler's build-up to war.

Between 1931 and 1933 UBC bought more than $8m worth of gold, of which $3m was shipped abroad. According to documents seen by the Guardian, after UBC was set up it transferred $2m to BBH accounts and between 1924 and 1940 the assets of UBC hovered around $3m, dropping to $1m only on a few occasions.

In 1941, Thyssen fled Germany after falling out with Hitler but he was captured in France and detained for the remainder of the war.

There was nothing illegal in doing business with the Thyssens throughout the 1930s and many of America's best-known business names invested heavily in the German economic recovery. However, everything changed after Germany invaded Poland in 1939. Even then it could be argued that BBH was within its rights continuing business relations with the Thyssens until the end of 1941 as the US was still technically neutral until the attack on Pearl Harbor. The trouble started on July 30 1942 when the New York Herald-Tribune ran an article entitled "Hitler's Angel Has $3m in US Bank". UBC's huge gold purchases had raised suspicions that the bank was in fact a "secret nest egg" hidden in New York for Thyssen and other Nazi bigwigs. The Alien Property Commission (APC) launched an investigation.

There is no dispute over the fact that the US government seized a string of assets controlled by BBH - including UBC and SAC - in the autumn of 1942 under the Trading with the Enemy act. What is in dispute is if Harriman, Walker and Bush did more than own these companies on paper.

Erwin May, a treasury attache and officer for the department of investigation in the APC, was assigned to look into UBC's business. The first fact to emerge was that Roland Harriman, Prescott Bush and the other directors didn't actually own their shares in UBC but merely held them on behalf of Bank voor Handel. Strangely, no one seemed to know who owned the Rotterdam-based bank, including UBC's president.

May wrote in his report of August 16 1941: "Union Banking Corporation, incorporated August 4 1924, is wholly owned by the Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart N.V of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. My investigation has produced no evidence as to the ownership of the Dutch bank. Mr Cornelis [sic] Lievense, president of UBC, claims no knowledge as to the ownership of the Bank voor Handel but believes it possible that Baron Heinrich Thyssen, brother of Fritz Thyssen, may own a substantial interest."

May cleared the bank of holding a golden nest egg for the Nazi leaders but went on to describe a network of companies spreading out from UBC across Europe, America and Canada, and how money from voor Handel travelled to these companies through UBC.

By September May had traced the origins of the non-American board members and found that Dutchman HJ Kouwenhoven - who met with Harriman in 1924 to set up UBC - had several other jobs: in addition to being the managing director of voor Handel he was also the director of the August Thyssen bank in Berlin and a director of Fritz Thyssen's Union Steel Works, the holding company that controlled Thyssen's steel and coal mine empire in Germany.

Within a few weeks, Homer Jones, the chief of the APC investigation and research division sent a memo to the executive committee of APC recommending the US government vest UBC and its assets. Jones named the directors of the bank in the memo, including Prescott Bush's name, and wrote: "Said stock is held by the above named individuals, however, solely as nominees for the Bank voor Handel, Rotterdam, Holland, which is owned by one or more of the Thyssen family, nationals of Germany and Hungary. The 4,000 shares hereinbefore set out are therefore beneficially owned and help for the interests of enemy nationals, and are vestible by the APC," according to the memo from the National Archives seen by the Guardian.

Red-handed

Jones recommended that the assets be liquidated for the benefit of the government, but instead UBC was maintained intact and eventually returned to the American shareholders after the war. Some claim that Bush sold his share in UBC after the war for $1.5m - a huge amount of money at the time - but there is no documentary evidence to support this claim. No further action was ever taken nor was the investigation continued, despite the fact UBC was caught red-handed operating a American shell company for the Thyssen family eight months after America had entered the war and that this was the bank that had partly financed Hitler's rise to power.

The most tantalising part of the story remains shrouded in mystery: the connection, if any, between Prescott Bush, Thyssen, Consolidated Silesian Steel Company (CSSC) and Auschwitz.

Thyssen's partner in United Steel Works, which had coal mines and steel plants across the region, was Friedrich Flick, another steel magnate who also owned part of IG Farben, the powerful German chemical company.

Flick's plants in Poland made heavy use of slave labour from the concentration camps in Poland. According to a New York Times article published in March 18 1934 Flick owned two-thirds of CSSC while "American interests" held the rest.

The US National Archive documents show that BBH's involvement with CSSC was more than simply holding the shares in the mid-1930s. Bush's friend and fellow "bonesman" Knight Woolley, another partner at BBH, wrote to Averill Harriman in January 1933 warning of problems with CSSC after the Poles started their drive to nationalise the plant. "The Consolidated Silesian Steel Company situation has become increasingly complicated, and I have accordingly brought in Sullivan and Cromwell, in order to be sure that our interests are protected," wrote Knight. "After studying the situation Foster Dulles is insisting that their man in Berlin get into the picture and obtain the information which the directors here should have. You will recall that Foster is a director and he is particularly anxious to be certain that there is no liability attaching to the American directors."

But the ownership of the CSSC between 1939 when the Germans invaded Poland and 1942 when the US government vested UBC and SAC is not clear.

"SAC held coal mines and definitely owned CSSC between 1934 and 1935, but when SAC was vested there was no trace of CSSC. All concrete evidence of its ownership disappears after 1935 and there are only a few traces in 1938 and 1939," says Eva Schweitzer, the journalist and author whose book, America and the Holocaust, is published next month.

Silesia was quickly made part of the German Reich after the invasion, but while Polish factories were seized by the Nazis, those belonging to the still neutral Americans (and some other nationals) were treated more carefully as Hitler was still hoping to persuade the US to at least sit out the war as a neutral country. Schweitzer says American interests were dealt with on a case-by-case basis. The Nazis bought some out, but not others.

The two Holocaust survivors suing the US government and the Bush family for a total of $40bn in compensation claim both materially benefited from Auschwitz slave labour during the second world war.

Kurt Julius Goldstein, 87, and Peter Gingold, 85, began a class action in America in 2001, but the case was thrown out by Judge Rosemary Collier on the grounds that the government cannot be held liable under the principle of "state sovereignty".

Jan Lissmann, one of the lawyers for the survivors, said: "President Bush withdrew President Bill Clinton's signature from the treaty [that founded the court] not only to protect Americans, but also to protect himself and his family."

Lissmann argues that genocide-related cases are covered by international law, which does hold governments accountable for their actions. He claims the ruling was invalid as no hearing took place.

In their claims, Mr Goldstein and Mr Gingold, honorary chairman of the League of Anti-fascists, suggest the Americans were aware of what was happening at Auschwitz and should have bombed the camp.

The lawyers also filed a motion in The Hague asking for an opinion on whether state sovereignty is a valid reason for refusing to hear their case. A ruling is expected within a month.

The petition to The Hague states: "From April 1944 on, the American Air Force could have destroyed the camp with air raids, as well as the railway bridges and railway lines from Hungary to Auschwitz. The murder of about 400,000 Hungarian Holocaust victims could have been prevented."

The case is built around a January 22 1944 executive order signed by President Franklin Roosevelt calling on the government to take all measures to rescue the European Jews. The lawyers claim the order was ignored because of pressure brought by a group of big American companies, including BBH, where Prescott Bush was a director.

Lissmann said: "If we have a positive ruling from the court it will cause [president] Bush huge problems and make him personally liable to pay compensation."

The US government and the Bush family deny all the claims against them.

In addition to Eva Schweitzer's book, two other books are about to be published that raise the subject of Prescott Bush's business history. The author of the second book, to be published next year, John Loftus, is a former US attorney who prosecuted Nazi war criminals in the 70s. Now living in St Petersburg, Florida and earning his living as a security commentator for Fox News and ABC radio, Loftus is working on a novel which uses some of the material he has uncovered on Bush. Loftus stressed that what Prescott Bush was involved in was just what many other American and British businessmen were doing at the time.

"You can't blame Bush for what his grandfather did any more than you can blame Jack Kennedy for what his father did - bought Nazi stocks - but what is important is the cover-up, how it could have gone on so successfully for half a century, and does that have implications for us today?" he said.

"This was the mechanism by which Hitler was funded to come to power, this was the mechanism by which the Third Reich's defence industry was re-armed, this was the mechanism by which Nazi profits were repatriated back to the American owners, this was the mechanism by which investigations into the financial laundering of the Third Reich were blunted," said Loftus, who is vice-chairman of the Holocaust Museum in St Petersburg.

"The Union Banking Corporation was a holding company for the Nazis, for Fritz Thyssen," said Loftus. "At various times, the Bush family has tried to spin it, saying they were owned by a Dutch bank and it wasn't until the Nazis took over Holland that they realised that now the Nazis controlled the apparent company and that is why the Bush supporters claim when the war was over they got their money back. Both the American treasury investigations and the intelligence investigations in Europe completely bely that, it's absolute horseshit. They always knew who the ultimate beneficiaries were."

"There is no one left alive who could be prosecuted but they did get away with it," said Loftus. "As a former federal prosecutor, I would make a case for Prescott Bush, his father-in-law (George Walker) and Averill Harriman [to be prosecuted] for giving aid and comfort to the enemy. They remained on the boards of these companies knowing that they were of financial benefit to the nation of Germany."

Loftus said Prescott Bush must have been aware of what was happening in Germany at the time. "My take on him was that he was a not terribly successful in-law who did what Herbert Walker told him to. Walker and Harriman were the two evil geniuses, they didn't care about the Nazis any more than they cared about their investments with the Bolsheviks."

What is also at issue is how much money Bush made from his involvement. His supporters suggest that he had one token share. Loftus disputes this, citing sources in "the banking and intelligence communities" and suggesting that the Bush family, through George Herbert Walker and Prescott, got $1.5m out of the involvement. There is, however, no paper trail to this sum.

The third person going into print on the subject is John Buchanan, 54, a Miami-based magazine journalist who started examining the files while working on a screenplay. Last year, Buchanan published his findings in the venerable but small-circulation New Hampshire Gazette under the headline "Documents in National Archives Prove George Bush's Grandfather Traded With the Nazis - Even After Pearl Harbor". He expands on this in his book to be published next month - Fixing America: Breaking the Stranglehold of Corporate Rule, Big Media and the Religious Right.

In the article, Buchanan, who has worked mainly in the trade and music press with a spell as a muckraking reporter in Miami, claimed that "the essential facts have appeared on the internet and in relatively obscure books but were dismissed by the media and Bush family as undocumented diatribes".

Buchanan suffers from hypermania, a form of manic depression, and when he found himself rebuffed in his initial efforts to interest the media, he responded with a series of threats against the journalists and media outlets that had spurned him. The threats, contained in e-mails, suggested that he would expose the journalists as "traitors to the truth".

Unsurprisingly, he soon had difficulty getting his calls returned. Most seriously, he faced aggravated stalking charges in Miami, in connection with a man with whom he had fallen out over the best way to publicise his findings. The charges were dropped last month.

Biography

Buchanan said he regretted his behaviour had damaged his credibility but his main aim was to secure publicity for the story. Both Loftus and Schweitzer say Buchanan has come up with previously undisclosed documentation.

The Bush family have largely responded with no comment to any reference to Prescott Bush. Brown Brothers Harriman also declined to comment.

The Bush family recently approved a flattering biography of Prescott Bush entitled Duty, Honour, Country by Mickey Herskowitz. The publishers, Rutledge Hill Press, promised the book would "deal honestly with Prescott Bush's alleged business relationships with Nazi industrialists and other accusations".

In fact, the allegations are dealt with in less than two pages. The book refers to the Herald-Tribune story by saying that "a person of less established ethics would have panicked ... Bush and his partners at Brown Brothers Harriman informed the government regulators that the account, opened in the late 1930s, was 'an unpaid courtesy for a client' ... Prescott Bush acted quickly and openly on behalf of the firm, served well by a reputation that had never been compromised. He made available all records and all documents. Viewed six decades later in the era of serial corporate scandals and shattered careers, he received what can be viewed as the ultimate clean bill."

The Prescott Bush story has been condemned by both conservatives and some liberals as having nothing to do with the current president. It has also been suggested that Prescott Bush had little to do with Averill Harriman and that the two men opposed each other politically.

However, documents from the Harriman papers include a flattering wartime profile of Harriman in the New York Journal American and next to it in the files is a letter to the financial editor of that paper from Prescott Bush congratulating the paper for running the profile. He added that Harriman's "performance and his whole attitude has been a source of inspiration and pride to his partners and his friends".

The Anti-Defamation League in the US is supportive of Prescott Bush and the Bush family. In a statement last year they said that "rumours about the alleged Nazi 'ties' of the late Prescott Bush ... have circulated widely through the internet in recent years. These charges are untenable and politically motivated ... Prescott Bush was neither a Nazi nor a Nazi sympathiser."

However, one of the country's oldest Jewish publications, the Jewish Advocate, has aired the controversy in detail.

More than 60 years after Prescott Bush came briefly under scrutiny at the time of a faraway war, his grandson is facing a different kind of scrutiny but one underpinned by the same perception that, for some people, war can be a profitable business.

Tuesday, October 19, 2004

URGENT ACTION: Political Repression on the Internet

Who says that the tentacles of political repression does not reach out to the Internet? The following news articles tell us that the world capitalist system does everything it can to stifle dissent. This shall serve as lesson to those who think that the Internet is a medium for practicing our freedom of expression. Just like in any other medium, you can say whatever you want in the Internet except criticize and expose the ills and biases of imperialism.

To all concerned net individuals out there, let us voice out our indignation against this and similar acts. Please sign and circulate the solidarity message.



FBI shuts down 20 antiwar web sites: an unprecedented act of Internet censorship

October 13, 2004 (AxisofLogic.com) -- The US government move to shut down nearly two dozen antiwar, anti-globalization web sites on October 7 is an unprecedented exercise of police power against political dissent on the Internet. The World Socialist Web Site denounces the attack on the Indymedia sites and demands a halt to all such attempts at suppressing political criticism of the US government...

Read more at http://www.wsws.org/articles/2004/oct2004/inte-o13.shtml.



Indymedia's Hardware is Returned, But Many Questions Remain

Today, October 14th, Italy Indymedia learned that an investigation in Bologna could have precipitated the U.S.' order for the seizure of Indymedia's hard drives from the U.K.

Read more at http://www.indymedia.org/en/index.shtml

Patience For The General

General Garcia invokes his right to silence... but he will be needing a lot of patience(Guns 'N Roses, Greatest Hits album) more than 30 or 50 times againts self-incrimination.

-apprentice01

Music That I Occassionally Listen To Somewhat Messy

Here are the songs I occassionally listen to:
(a) Guns 'N Roses: Civil War (album - Use Your Illussion II); Welcome To The Jungle (album - Greatest Hits); Sweet
Child O' Mine (album - Greatest Hits)

(b) U2: With Or Without You (album - Joshua Three); Sunday Bloody Sunday & New Year's Day (album - War)

(c) Nirvana: The Man Who Sold The World (album - Unplugged In New York)

I know perhaps you'd be pissed off by their loud bangs!!! But I'm, in my own way, in a protesting spirit, expressing somewhat my defiant nature as a youth againts the ever-worsening social conditions!!!

Friday, October 15, 2004

ASTRONOMY PICTURE

As posted on Carroll's Blogspot I also want to paste this pic here. This picture blinks! You see!

Wednesday, October 13, 2004

Trivia on some mathematical physicists

Did you know that...

* In 1784 Laplace (the famous French mathematician) was appointed as examiner at the Royal Artillery Corps, and in this role in 1785, he examined and passed the 16 year old Napoleon Bonaparte. In fact this position gave Laplace much work in writing reports on the cadets that he examined but the rewards were that he became well known to the ministers of the government and others in positions of power in France.

* Shortly after publication of Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief Systems of the World - Ptolemaic and Copernican the Inquisition banned its sale and ordered Galileo to appear in Rome before them. Illness prevented him from travelling to Rome until 1633. Galileo's accusation at the trial which followed was that he had breached the conditions laid down by the Inquisition in 1616. However a different version of this decision was produced at the trial rather than the one Galileo had been given at the time. The truth of the Copernican theory was not an issue therefore; it was taken as a fact at the trial that this theory was false. This was logical, of course, since the judgement of 1616 had declared it totally false.

Found guilty, Galileo was condemned to lifelong imprisonment, but the sentence was carried out somewhat sympathetically and it amounted to house arrest rather than a prison sentence. He was able to live first with the Archbishop of Siena, then later to return to his home in Arcetri, near Florence, but had to spend the rest of his life watched over by officers from the Inquisition. In 1634 he suffered a severe blow when his daughter Virginia, Sister Maria Celeste, died. She had been a great support to her father through his illnesses and Galileo was shattered and could not work for many months. When he did manage to restart work, he began to write Discourses and mathematical demonstrations concerning the two new sciences.


* Napoleon Bonaparte named Lagrange to the Legion of Honour and Count of the Empire in 1808. On 3 April 1813 he was awarded the Grand Croix of the Ordre Impérial de la Réunion. He died a week later.

Lagrange is famous for his Mécanique analytique (Analytical mechanics) in which he discuss physics (or mechanics) without requiring "constructions, nor geometrical or mechanical arguments but only algebraic operations, subject to a regular and uniform course". Lagrange equations is considered a simpler replacement of Newton's 2nd law of motion.


* James II became king of Great Britain on 6 February 1685. He had become a Roman Catholic in 1669. However, rebellions arose. Isaac Newton was a staunch Protestant and when the King tried to insist that a Benedictine monk be given a degree without taking any examinations or swearing the required oaths, Newton opposed this and when William of Orange landed in November 1688 and James fled to France the University of Cambridge elected Newton, now famous for his strong defence of the university, as one of their two members to the Convention Parliament on 15 January 1689. Newton was seen as a leader of the university and one of the most eminent mathematicians in the world. However, his election to Parliament let him see a life in London which appealed to him more than the academic world in Cambridge.

That's all for now...

FOOD POLITICS THAT CANNOT BE STOMACHED

Talking about things that pertain with the needs of our stomach is always good news but here is one from INQ:

It took the cold statistics of a recent Social Weather Stations survey to remind us that about one of every seven Filipino households had nothing to eat at least once in the three months before the survey. In Mindanao, this went up to as high as 23 percent of households, and I can imagine that in more remote areas of the island, the incidence may be even higher.


So atleast we know as always that it is getting worst.

Tuesday, October 12, 2004

SUKAD NA SUKAD WALA NAMANHID ANG KATAWHAN SA KALISUD

Matag semana ako gauli sa akong yutang natawhan, mga usa ka oras nga biyahe gikan sa syudad. Niadtong Biernes sa gabii sa mao gihapong gawi, mipadulong ako sa terminal sa jeep nga magabiyahian padulong sa amoa. Sa paghiabot ko sa terminal nakita ko mga batan-on, hingkod, ug usa ka inahan nga adunay gagmay nga mga anak, ang usa nagakipit sa iyang mga tudlo, samtang ang usa anaa sa iyang mga bukton kay gamay pa, silang tanan nagahuwat sa last trip. Samtang susama sa ila naghulat sa last trip jep, mibati nagkalaay ug sa ingon ang ubang mga batan-onan aron malingaw isig kubi sa ilang mga cellfon. Ako sa akong kabahin nanigarilyo... sa inatong mga orasa tingpanihapon na. Human ako mibuga sa aso sa akong sigarilyo, gitan-aw ako sa bata samtang siya nagakaon og pan... makita ko sa panagway sa bata ang kagutom lakip ang katulgonon. Sa pag-abot sa last trip jep, tanan kami nag-inilogay og pwesto sulod sa miabot nga jep... naulahi katong inahan nga adunay duha ka mga bata... wala siyay laing kapaingnan kung dili ang extension sa jep... Nangutana ang conductor sa iya nga sa atop nalang ikarga ang mga bukag nga dala sa maong inahan lakip ang dugang singil sa iyang pliti... wala siyay nahimo human sa pag-eksplikar kalabot sa dugang sa iyang pliti nga paninglon sa conductor basta lamang makasakay kay wala nay lain jep pa... Pirmi ko kini makita nga inahan nga magbiyahi gikan sa syudad padulong sa usa ka dapit nga dili pa moabot sa amoa... pagdeliver og utan ang iyang panginabuhian ug sa akong tan-aw, sa matag anha niya sa syudad kanunay niya kuyog ang iyang duha ka mga gagmay nga mga anak. Susama sa ubang katawhang mga kabus siya usab naapektohan og daku sa siging pagsaka sa presyo sa lana nga nagaepekto ngadto sa pagtaas sa plitihan. . . Sa paglarga sa jep, aduna siyay gamay nga kalisadanan kay nakaplastar raman siya sa extension sa jeep aduna pay duha ka mga gagmay nga anak, usa ka kalisdanan nga siguro kanunay niyang masagubang sa matag biyahian niya sa syudad ug susama sa lapad nga katawhan nag-antos sa kalisud... pero sukad na sukad ang katawhan wala namanhid ug midawat na lamang niini nga kahimtang isip pagbout sa kahitas-an...

Wednesday, October 06, 2004

ENDYMION

There was once a shepherd in John Keat's poem, ENDYMION, who fell in-love with a greek goddess... and I don't know the rest :)

SOME WORKOUTS IN TENSOR ANALYSIS

While reviewing on Tensor Analysis, the chief mathematical language of the General Theory of Relativity, as way of preparing myself in case our paper would be accepted for oral presentation in the upcoming physics conferencethis 28th of October, I came across an inspiration to write a short mathematical exposition on some of the important mathematical entities in Tensor Analysis that are vital to the General Relativity. This short mathematical exposition that I am planning to write and post on our temporary GR website will include mathematical workouts on covariant differentiations, derivations on basic tensor identities that include Bianchi identity, short remarks on diffeomorphism and derivations on Lie derivaives of one-forms and (0, 2) tensors, leading to the diffeomorphism invariance of metric tensors. Much of those that I've started reviewing are based mostly on references that I obtained from the internet, written by the most reliable experts like Sean Carroll, Peter Dunsbye, the Nobel laureate G. 't Hooft, and several lec notes from MIT and Harvard wesites. If this is gone through and completed I also plan to submit this to the arXiv: gr-qc, that if I'll be able know how to do Latex of pdf but for the meanwhile, I'll be posting this on our GR website so that anyone who may happen to scan it may e-mail us his/her suggestions and corrections.

Tuesday, October 05, 2004

Saturday, October 02, 2004

Urgent Action: Prominent Colombian Sociologist Assassinated

September 17th 2004, Barranquilla, Colombia

The Association of Colombian University Students ACEU), the Union for Colombian University Workers (SINTRAUNICOL) and participating organizations in the human rights campaign "So that the University can live in Colombia" denounce before the national and
international community, the assassination of professor and researcher ALFREDO CORREA DE ADREIS on the 17th of September 2004 in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia.

Alfredo Correa de Aldreis was a prominent and respected academic in the North of Colombia, an engineer and sociologist, professor in the University of the North and the Simón Bolivar University and Vice Chancellor of the University of the Magdelena. He had
carried out various investigations into forced displacement, an acute problem in the region.

Mr. Correa de Aldreis had previously been detained on the 17th of June of this year (2004) in a joint operation by the Procurator Fiscal and the Department of Security Administration (DAS) on a charge of rebellion. He was later released with no charge due to lack of evidence. This singling out by State authorities of Mr. Correa de Aldreis seriously compromised his personal security by making clear to other armed groups that while officially nothing could be done to silence him it was unlikely that if something were to happen to him that there would be any official recriminations.

This crime is part of the systematic repression against the Colombian University Community in an attempt to silence the dissenting voices of students, academics and administrative staff. The university is a place where freedom of expression, social criticism and research into solutions to the Country's problems should flourish cannot continue being victim to the violations of human rights which aim to eliminate opposition.

We demand:


* A comprehensive investigation to uncover and bring to justice the material and intellectual authors of this crime.

* The development of mechanisms to guarantee the physical safety of the Colombian University Community

* That the constitutional rights of assembly, protest, of freedom of thought and of expression are guaranteed in practice as they are on paper.

* That the State put a stop to and to explain the reasons for, the systematic repression of the Colombian University Community which has cost the lives of some 65 students, professors and administrative staff over the past ten years.

Visit So That The University Can Live in Colombia!

Tuesday, September 28, 2004

WITH OR WITHOUT YOU

This afternoon by a friend's insistence I went to an uban poor communities. Last few days some of the houses have already been demolished. The area is quite swampy just adjacent to a delta of a river. In going to this particular place I took a ride on a boat. After few hours and after immersing ourselves with the poor but defiant residents, again I took a ride with my friends on a boat, and on the way through the river delta, facing north I could see the horizon of not so far distant sea as we were leaving behind a sight of children who were calling us at a distance to visit them again. We will. . .WITH OR WITHOUT YOU

Monday, September 27, 2004

RHYMES OF PHOTONS AND WISHES

Here is an excerpt of an editorial of our school publication

Look around and the visibility of poverty, political crisis, criminality, contracting economies, global war on terrorism and corruption is not vague. Oil price depletion on no account happens. The lives of ordinary proletariats
and the lives of dependent students like us were not a bit alleviated. The rationalized tuition fee increase causes
major breakdown to our dear parent's allocation. Thesis and project design deadlines, peer pressures, stress, rotten
institutional systems, sum it all up and we'll find ourselves tramping in the midst of drakness.

AND WHO IS THE CULPRIT?

We Filipinos are indeed majors in the habit of fault-finding. Why not point the fingers to us? Why not. . . one of the best answers is to ask ourselves bluntly. Failure to do so would only lead to pointless provocation.

Are we broke?

If so, it is time to sweep aside the bars of prejudice that imprison our intellect and open our minds to optimism.

DITTO TO THE PESIMISTS!



The school just had the sports fest last week- dubbed as "COLLEGE WEEK". Who won the champioship in softball, bytheway? I planned to participate (play or perhaps coach) in that game but I opted not to anyway, I already had my fills with this game I like most during the highschool years when I was always selected to play during provincial meets. (Ahem). There was on time when I decided that I had enough - I got my head hit with the ball when I was assigned as the short-stop near the pitcher. Since then I never played again. I switched to track-and-field and luckily one time, I garnered one silver. It is still at home.(Ahem)

Anyway, so much for the blogging. . . I mean the bragging.

Seriously, studes just had their fun during that week. . . to name, BLIND-DATING (shamelessly coordinated by the applied maths studes. Yucks!), dance contest(?), well ofcourse, the games and the concert held last friday night in the MPSC gym ( but I went to a religious one).

Being young (excuse me) is being young, we want all the fun we need, especially now seeking other means of fun outside is quite expensive and especially for most of us students of a state college could not afford the more luxurious kinds outside. So, once in each year we have fun in our own territory! Yes, we should give thanks to the school adminstration for allocating the needed fund for all the activities (gimmicks). Hmmm. . . I just wonder why it didn't take the usual-hard way for student leaders to acquire the needed amount of money from the college adminstration. Sssh. . . I heard that the school administration is on a hot-bed, trying means to get out of the trouble being quite exposed with some critical issues, that was why (I think perhaps) they are too "caring" for students to enjoy that week.

But anyway, whatever happens, to show that I am an optimist in the thing i am presently interested most, here is my poem (seriously, I wrote this not plagiarized):


RHYMES OF PHOTONS AND WISHES


My dreams and wishes are
In brilliance as the star;
Be lightyears way as quasar,
Shall shine to me from afar.

I be midst the ripple,
Unto the shore I fall;
Like the tides as they wrinkle,
Then to sleep that I must roll.

I may not see each dust-
dance- follow whirling fast;
Yet, in each flick'ring there cast
The shadows that shall not rust.

Fom clouds of heaven born
New stars that brightly burn;
Wishes too shine from a turn
Of cloud-thoughts to fire that's worn.

What the quantum rules say-
There's probability
For all the possible way,
No matter how nil to see.

Wishes too are photons,
Bear chance to come as stones,
To make pebbles as they're thrown
On water that sleeps unblown.

HAVE A NICE DAY OUT THERE!!!


the apprentice






I LIT WRONGLY BUT I LIKE TO KISS BUTTS

Well, I was only interested in going to a religious concert participated by young progressive bands last Friday night because I was told that one particular "celebrity" I was so intrigued about would come and to my frustration, she was not around. If she had been there it might be that I would not be able to resist myself tempted to stare( more mild and decent word than stalk) on her, maybe for the whole night.

No really, about this "celebrity", I'm only too curious (in my ignorance) what she looks like being once a victim of gender abuse and violence. No, not that what you might have in mind for my curiousity! For you to know I'm decent both in mind and acts. Ooops. . . stupid me, saying that I might not be able to resist myself tempted to stalk on her. Let me retract that - "just joking". . .stupid me!

But seriously, gender abuse and violence is such serious issue. But it could be more enlightening when taken in class perspective, especially when we know it much that out there in the wilderness of male chauvinism and machismo are numerous victims silenced by class identity, having no power to fight back in legal means. Lucky for this "celebrity", she is of well-to-do clan. As of now I could say she is brave - she does not rely only on her class origin to fight back especially that the responsible ones also come from well-earning families. She made her personal quest for justice as part of the people's quest for broader and lasting social justice. I salute her for this bravery and having to understand that at present justice would only be a futile cry if without the support of the people who are also seeking for wholistic social justice. Her struggle must continue as the people's struggle is continuing.

So we waited for the concert to begin that I craved to smoke. But wow dudes! The guard had almost got me thrown out, I didn't know smoking is not allowed in the complex. So I went outside the gate. There, I could breathe, puffing my vice. . . but not without being embarassed for the second time. . . I lit the wrong side - the butt! WOW DUDES! ! !

YOURS TRULY,
THE APPRENTICE


Saturday, September 25, 2004

Defend Dr. Hatem Bazian!

lifted from: http://www.internationalanswer.org/news/update/041404bazian.html


ACTION ALERT: DEFEND FREE SPEECH
STOP THE ATTACKS ON DR. HATEM BAZIAN!


Dr. Hatem Bazian, a highly respected lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley in the Near Eastern Studies and Ethnic Studies Departments, is being victimized by a mean-spirited national right-wing campaign. His just defense of the Palestinian people and his call to end war and suffering of all in Iraq are being maliciously portrayed as "incitement of violence and sedition."

Capitalizing on the vicious anti-Arab and anti-Muslim hate fest that is escalating in the U.S. as the occupation in Iraq erupts, reaching critical stages, right-wing and racist forces are engaged in attacks designed to seriously jeopardize the well-being of Arab- and Muslim-Americans - particularly outspoken community leaders, prominent activists and critical scholars - in an attempt to completely silence dissent against the violence of occupation. Behind it all is the racist belief that critical speech and the Bill of Rights come to a screeching halt at the doorstep of Arab- and Muslim-American homes, thus falsely positioning them as conspirators within. Popular statements such as "we need regime change," that are being made daily by many all the way from John Kerry to progressive activists, are being twisted and presented as "sedition" and "treason" in a McCarthy-style purge.

Although Arab- and Muslim-Americans are particularly targeted and scapegoated, the attack on the Bill of Rights and the right to dissent is incrementally affecting all sectors without exception. The intent is to create a fully compliant population, criminalize opposition, and expand the political reach of an ideological right-wing extreme.

Dr. Bazian has been receiving livid hate mail; his work at the University is being challenged; and extremist elements are threatening his and his family's well-being. Like millions of Americans and people around the globe, Dr. Bazian has been an articulate and outspoken critic of U.S. foreign policy - calling for a U.S. that is at peace with itself and with nations around the world on the basis of equality and liberty for all.

Hatem was a prominent student leader at San Francisco State University during the eighties and later at UC Berkeley in the nineties - both are institutions best known for their legacy of the free speech and anti-war movements. During his student years, he fully championed the rights of disenfranchised communities, people of color, supported ethnic, labor and gender studies, and worked to organize an effective U.S. student movement on a national scale in opposition to both NAFTA and GATT. Hatem served as Chair of the U.C. Berkeley Graduate Assembly, and from 1995-1999 was coordinator of the Graduate Minority Students Project of the Graduate Assembly, through which he spearheaded statewide efforts to defeat Proposition 209, a 1996 California-wide anti-affirmative action proposition. Bazian was also active in the anti-Apartheid struggle and Central American solidarity movements. In 1990, Hatem was the Chair of the National People of Color Student Coalition and executive member of the Board of the United States Student Association.

We ask you to take a stand in clear support of free speech and against the racist criminalization of Arab-Americans, Muslim-Americans and all people standing against war and occupation. The escalation of rhetoric by President Bush in conjunction with the increase in military force and attacks on the Iraqi people will likely give yet another green light for further anti-Arab and anti-Muslim backlash. We need to take a strong stand now!

Please write to the president of the University of California, Berkeley, at the following address to ask for protection and support for Dr. Hatem Bazian:
Chancellor Robert M. Berdahl
Office of the Chancellor
200 California Hall #1500
Berkeley, CA 94720-1500
Telephone: (510) 642-7464
chanclor@calmail.berkeley.edu

Friday, September 24, 2004

Live Show

Thanks for inviting me. Sayang wala ko kakita sa Live Show!. Director's cut ra ba to. Manghulos na lang ko ug cd. hmmm. magmahay jud ko kung dili ko pauslon.

great news from mindanao!

visit http://www.mindanews.com.

great real news for mindanaons inside.

Monday, January 19, 2004

Arundhati Roy calls on shutting down offices of two of the major corporations that are profiting from the Iraq War

Do turkeys enjoy thanksgiving?
By Arundhati Roy
Sunday, Jan 18, 2004
Source: The Hindu

It's not good enough to be right. Sometimes, if only in order to test our resolve, it's important to win something. In order to win something, we need to agree on something." After a tour d'horizon, the author of The God of Small Things calls for a " minimum agenda" as well as a plan of action that prioritises global resistance to the U.S. occupation of Iraq. Here is the text of her speech at the opening Plenary of the World Social Forum in Mumbai on January 16, 2004:


LAST JANUARY thousands of us from across the world gathered in Porto Allegre in Brazil and declared — reiterated — that "Another World is Possible". A few thousand miles north, in Washington, George Bush and his aides were thinking the same thing.

Our project was the World Social Forum. Theirs — to further what many call The Project for the New American Century.

In the great cities of Europe and America, where a few years ago these things would only have been whispered, now people are openly talking about the good side of Imperialism and the need for a strong Empire to police an unruly world. The new missionaries want order at the cost of justice. Discipline at the cost of dignity. And ascendancy at any price. Occasionally some of us are invited to `debate' the issue on `neutral' platforms provided by the corporate media. Debating Imperialism is a bit like debating the pros and cons of rape. What can we say? That we really miss it?

In any case, New Imperialism is already upon us. It's a remodelled, streamlined version of what we once knew. For the first time in history, a single Empire with an arsenal of weapons that could obliterate the world in an afternoon has complete, unipolar, economic and military hegemony. It uses different weapons to break open different markets. There isn't a country on God's earth that is not caught in the cross hairs of the American cruise missile and the IMF chequebook. Argentina's the model if you want to be the poster-boy of neoliberal capitalism, Iraq if you're the black sheep.

Poor countries that are geo-politically of strategic value to Empire, or have a `market' of any size, or infrastructure that can be privatized, or, god forbid, natural resources of value — oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, coal — must do as they're told, or become military targets. Those with the greatest reserves of natural wealth are most at risk. Unless they surrender their resources willingly to the corporate machine, civil unrest will be fomented, or war will be waged. In this new age of Empire, when nothing is as it appears to be, executives of concerned companies are allowed to influence foreign policy decisions. The Centre for Public Integrity in Washington found that nine out of the 30 members of the Defence Policy Board of the U.S. Government were connected to companies that were awarded defence contracts for $ 76 billion between 2001 and 2002. George Shultz, former U.S. Secretary of State, was Chairman of the Committee for the Liberation of Iraq. He is also on the Board of Directors of the Bechtel Group. When asked about a conflict of interest, in the case of a war in Iraq he said, " I don't know that Bechtel would particularly benefit from it. But if there's work to be done, Bechtel is the type of company that could do it. But nobody looks at it as something you benefit from." After the war, Bechtel signed a $680 million contract for reconstruction in Iraq.

This brutal blueprint has been used over and over again, across Latin America, Africa, Central and South-East Asia. It has cost millions of lives. It goes without saying that every war Empire wages becomes a Just War. This, in large part, is due to the role of the corporate media. It's important to understand that the corporate media doesn't just support the neo-liberal project. It is the neo-liberal project. This is not a moral position it has chosen to take, it's structural. It's intrinsic to the economics of how the mass media works.

Most nations have adequately hideous family secrets. So it isn't often necessary for the media to lie. It's what's emphasised and what's ignored. Say for example India was chosen as the target for a righteous war. The fact that about 80,000 people have been killed in Kashmir since 1989, most of them Muslim, most of them by Indian Security Forces (making the average death toll about 6000 a year); the fact that less than a year ago, in March of 2003, more than two thousand Muslims were murdered on the streets of Gujarat, that women were gang-raped and children were burned alive and a 150,000 people driven from their homes while the police and administration watched, and sometimes actively participated; the fact that no one has been punished for these crimes and the Government that oversaw them was re-elected ... all of this would make perfect headlines in international newspapers in the run-up to war.

Next we know, our cities will be levelled by cruise missiles, our villages fenced in with razor wire, U.S. soldiers will patrol our streets and, Narendra Modi, Pravin Togadia or any of our popular bigots could, like Saddam Hussein, be in U.S. custody, having their hair checked for lice and the fillings in their teeth examined on prime-time TV.

But as long as our `markets' are open, as long as corporations like Enron, Bechtel, Halliburton, Arthur Andersen are given a free hand, our `democratically elected' leaders can fearlessly blur the lines between democracy, majoritarianism and fascism.

Our government's craven willingness to abandon India's proud tradition of being Non-Aligned, its rush to fight its way to the head of the queue of the Completely Aligned (the fashionable phrase is `natural ally' — India, Israel and the U.S. are `natural allies'), has given it the leg room to turn into a repressive regime without compromising its legitimacy.

A government's victims are not only those that it kills and imprisons. Those who are displaced and dispossessed and sentenced to a lifetime of starvation and deprivation must count among them too. Millions of people have been dispossessed by `development' projects. In the past 55 years, Big Dams alone have displaced between 33 million and 55 million people in India. They have no recourse to justice.

In the last two years there has been a series of incidents when police have opened fire on peaceful protestors, most of them Adivasi and Dalit. When it comes to the poor, and in particular Dalit and Adivasi communities, they get killed for encroaching on forest land, and killed when they're trying to protect forest land from encroachments — by dams, mines, steel plants and other `development' projects. In almost every instance in which the police opened fire, the government's strategy has been to say the firing was provoked by an act of violence. Those who have been fired upon are immediately called militants.

Across the country, thousands of innocent people including minors have been arrested under POTA (Prevention of Terrorism Act) and are being held in jail indefinitely and without trial. In the era of the War against Terror, poverty is being slyly conflated with terrorism. In the era of corporate globalisation, poverty is a crime. Protesting against further impoverishment is terrorism. And now, our Supreme Court says that going on strike is a crime. Criticising the court of course is a crime, too. They're sealing the exits.

Like Old Imperialism, New Imperialism too relies for its success on a network of agents — corrupt, local elites who service Empire. We all know the sordid story of Enron in India. The then Maharashtra Government signed a power purchase agreement which gave Enron profits that amounted to sixty per cent of India's entire rural development budget. A single American company was guaranteed a profit equivalent to funds for infrastructural development for about 500 million people!

Unlike in the old days the New Imperialist doesn't need to trudge around the tropics risking malaria or diahorrea or early death. New Imperialism can be conducted on e-mail. The vulgar, hands-on racism of Old Imperialism is outdated. The cornerstone of New Imperialism is New Racism.

The tradition of `turkey pardoning' in the U.S. is a wonderful allegory for New Racism. Every year since 1947, the National Turkey Federation presents the U.S. President with a turkey for Thanksgiving. Every year, in a show of ceremonial magnanimity, the President spares that particular bird (and eats another one). After receiving the presidential pardon, the Chosen One is sent to Frying Pan Park in Virginia to live out its natural life. The rest of the 50 million turkeys raised for Thanksgiving are slaughtered and eaten on Thanksgiving Day. ConAgra Foods, the company that has won the Presidential Turkey contract, says it trains the lucky birds to be sociable, to interact with dignitaries, school children and the press. (Soon they'll even speak English!)

That's how New Racism in the corporate era works. A few carefully bred turkeys — the local elites of various countries, a community of wealthy immigrants, investment bankers, the occasional Colin Powell, or Condoleezza Rice, some singers, some writers (like myself) — are given absolution and a pass to Frying Pan Park. The remaining millions lose their jobs, are evicted from their homes, have their water and electricity connections cut, and die of AIDS. Basically they're for the pot. But the Fortunate Fowls in Frying Pan Park are doing fine. Some of them even work for the IMF and the WTO — so who can accuse those organisations of being anti-turkey? Some serve as board members on the Turkey Choosing Committee — so who can say that turkeys are against Thanksgiving? They participate in it! Who can say the poor are anti-corporate globalisation? There's a stampede to get into Frying Pan Park. So what if most perish on the way?

Part of the project of New Racism is New Genocide. In this new era of economic interdependence, New Genocide can be facilitated by economic sanctions. It means creating conditions that lead to mass death without actually going out and killing people. Dennis Halliday, the U.N. humanitarian coordinator in Iraq between '97 and '98 (after which he resigned in disgust), used the term genocide to describe the sanctions in Iraq. In Iraq the sanctions outdid Saddam Hussein's best efforts by claiming more than half a million children's lives.

In the new era, Apartheid as formal policy is antiquated and unnecessary. International instruments of trade and finance oversee a complex system of multilateral trade laws and financial agreements that keep the poor in their Bantustans anyway. Its whole purpose is to institutionalise inequity. Why else would it be that the U.S. taxes a garment made by a Bangladeshi manufacturer 20 times more than it taxes a garment made in the U.K.? Why else would it be that countries that grow 90 per cent of the world's cocoa bean produce only 5 per cent of the world's chocolate? Why else would it be that countries that grow cocoa bean, like the Ivory Coast and Ghana, are taxed out of the market if they try and turn it into chocolate? Why else would it be that rich countries that spend over a billion dollars a day on subsidies to farmers demand that poor countries like India withdraw all agricultural subsidies, including subsidised electricity? Why else would it be that after having been plundered by colonising regimes for more than half a century, former colonies are steeped in debt to those same regimes, and repay them some $ 382 billion a year?

For all these reasons, the derailing of trade agreements at Cancun was crucial for us. Though our governments try and take the credit, we know that it was the result of years of struggle by many millions of people in many, many countries. What Cancun taught us is that in order to inflict real damage and force radical change, it is vital for local resistance movements to make international alliances. From Cancun we learned the importance of globalising resistance.

No individual nation can stand up to the project of Corporate Globalisation on its own. Time and again we have seen that when it comes to the neo-liberal project, the heroes of our times are suddenly diminished. Extraordinary, charismatic men, giants in Opposition, when they seize power and become Heads of State, they become powerless on the global stage. I'm thinking here of President Lula of Brazil. Lula was the hero of the World Social Forum last year. This year he's busy implementing IMF guidelines, reducing pension benefits and purging radicals from the Workers' Party. I'm thinking also of ex-President of South Africa, Nelson Mandela. Within two years of taking office in 1994, his government genuflected with hardly a caveat to the Market God. It instituted a massive programme of privatisation and structural adjustment, which has left millions of people homeless, jobless and without water and electricity.

Why does this happen? There's little point in beating our breasts and feeling betrayed. Lula and Mandela are, by any reckoning, magnificent men. But the moment they cross the floor from the Opposition into Government they become hostage to a spectrum of threats — most malevolent among them the threat of capital flight, which can destroy any government overnight. To imagine that a leader's personal charisma and a c.v. of struggle will dent the Corporate Cartel is to have no understanding of how Capitalism works, or for that matter, how power works. Radical change will not be negotiated by governments; it can only be enforced by people.

This week at the World Social Forum, some of the best minds in the world will exchange ideas about what is happening around us. These conversations refine our vision of the kind of world we're fighting for. It is a vital process that must not be undermined. However, if all our energies are diverted into this process at the cost of real political action, then the WSF, which has played such a crucial role in the Movement for Global Justice, runs the risk of becoming an asset to our enemies. What we need to discuss urgently is strategies of resistance. We need to aim at real targets, wage real battles and inflict real damage. Gandhi's Salt March was not just political theatre. When, in a simple act of defiance, thousands of Indians marched to the sea and made their own salt, they broke the salt tax laws. It was a direct strike at the economic underpinning of the British Empire. It was real. While our movement has won some important victories, we must not allow non-violent resistance to atrophy into ineffectual, feel-good, political theatre. It is a very precious weapon that needs to be constantly honed and re-imagined. It cannot be allowed to become a mere spectacle, a photo opportunity for the media.

It was wonderful that on February 15th last year, in a spectacular display of public morality, 10 million people in five continents marched against the war on Iraq. It was wonderful, but it was not enough. February 15th was a weekend. Nobody had to so much as miss a day of work. Holiday protests don't stop wars. George Bush knows that. The confidence with which he disregarded overwhelming public opinion should be a lesson to us all. Bush believes that Iraq can be occupied and colonised — as Afghanistan has been, as Tibet has been, as Chechnya is being, as East Timor once was and Palestine still is. He thinks that all he has to do is hunker down and wait until a crisis-driven media, having picked this crisis to the bone, drops it and moves on. Soon the carcass will slip off the best-seller charts, and all of us outraged folks will lose interest. Or so he hopes.

This movement of ours needs a major, global victory. It's not good enough to be right. Sometimes, if only in order to test our resolve, it's important to win something. In order to win something, we — all of us gathered here and a little way away at Mumbai Resistance — need to agree on something. That something does not need to be an over-arching pre-ordained ideology into which we force-fit our delightfully factious, argumentative selves. It does not need to be an unquestioning allegiance to one or another form of resistance to the exclusion of everything else. It could be a minimum agenda.

If all of us are indeed against Imperialism and against the project of neo-liberalism, then let's turn our gaze on Iraq. Iraq is the inevitable culmination of both. Plenty of anti-war activists have retreated in confusion since the capture of Saddam Hussein. Isn't the world better off without Saddam Hussein? they ask timidly.

Let's look this thing in the eye once and for all. To applaud the U.S. army's capture of Saddam Hussein and therefore, in retrospect, justify its invasion and occupation of Iraq is like deifying Jack the Ripper for disembowelling the Boston Strangler. And that — after a quarter century partnership in which the Ripping and Strangling was a joint enterprise. It's an in-house quarrel. They're business partners who fell out over a dirty deal. Jack's the CEO.

So if we are against Imperialism, shall we agree that we are against the U.S. occupation and that we believe that the U.S. must withdraw from Iraq and pay reparations to the Iraqi people for the damage that the war has inflicted?

How do we begin to mount our resistance? Let's start with something really small. The issue is not about supporting the resistance in Iraq against the occupation or discussing who exactly constitutes the resistance. (Are they old Killer Ba'athists, are they Islamic Fundamentalists?)

We have to become the global resistance to the occupation.

Our resistance has to begin with a refusal to accept the legitimacy of the U.S. occupation of Iraq. It means acting to make it materially impossible for Empire to achieve its aims. It means soldiers should refuse to fight, reservists should refuse to serve, workers should refuse to load ships and aircraft with weapons. It certainly means that in countries like India and Pakistan we must block the U.S. government's plans to have Indian and Pakistani soldiers sent to Iraq to clean up after them.

I suggest that at a joint closing ceremony of the World Social Forum and Mumbai Resistance, we choose, by some means, two of the major corporations that are profiting from the destruction of Iraq. We could then list every project they are involved in. We could locate their offices in every city and every country across the world. We could go after them. We could shut them down. It's a question of bringing our collective wisdom and experience of past struggles to bear on a single target. It's a question of the desire to win.

The Project For The New American Century seeks to perpetuate inequity and establish American hegemony at any price, even if it's apocalyptic. The World Social Forum demands justice and survival.

For these reasons, we must consider ourselves at war.

©Arundhati Roy