Prostitution in RP fourth largest source of GNP -- study
Posted 04:29pm (Mla time) April 05, 2005
(UPDATE) PROSTITUTION in the Philippines has become a multi-million dollar industry and is now the fourth largest source of gross national product, a report on child pornography said Tuesday.
Commissioned by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the report, Child Pornography in the Philippines, said new technology such as the Internet has taken pornography to a new level that is much harder to detect.
It said poor, developing countries like the Philippines have now become major centers for the global sex tourism industry where women and children are exploited.
The report said the growth of prostitution in developing countries is "inextricably intertwined with sex tourism."
And it added that a study by the Psychological Trauma Program of the University of the Philippines found that prostitution has now become the fourth largest source of GNP in the Philippines.
The report's coordinator Elizabeth Protacio de Castro of the Center for Integrative and Development Studies at the University of the Philippines said: "We have only started to scratch the surface of child pornography in this country."
At a press conference to launch the report she said the Philippines had now become a major attraction for "pedophiles and perverts" who prey on children and are involved in the production of child pornography.
"We know child prostitution exists in the Philippines but what we don't know is the extent of child pornography," she said.
"While some data is available it may not reflect the real number of children being victimized by the child pornographer," she said.
Data from the Department of Social Welfare and Development shows only nine children were victims of child pornography in 2000 compared with 13 in 2003, while the number of children who were victims of child prostitution numbered 186 and 247 for the same years.
De Castro said the aim of the report "is to address the lack of information" available on child pornography in the Philippines and to "address issues about such things as the laws protecting children."
The study, carried out last year, said the advent of the Internet, mobile phones, and digital camera had made the work of the pornographer easier while making it more difficult for the authorities to detect.
De Castro said the attitude of local Internet Service Providers would have to change if child pornography is to be tackled in the Philippines. She said every single ISP approached for the report refused to be interviewed.
"Digital technology, with its obvious attractions for children, often facilitates recruitment of kids into these practices. It can also be seen as a safer form of prostitution," said UNICEF's country representative in the Philippines, Nicholas Alipui.